Ramsay Hunt syndrome (RHS) is a rare neurologic disorder that is characterized by the paralysis of the facial nerve.

ramsay hunt syndrome causes

ramsay hunt syndrome causes


Justin Bieber announced that the singer suffers from Ramsay Hunt syndrome, a rare condition that has left him paralyzed on one-third of his face. 


Ramsay Hunt syndrome is caused by varicella Zostervirus (VZV) which is the same virus which causes chickenpox among children as well as itchy shingles (herpes zoster) for adults.


In the case associated with Ramsay Hunt syndrome, previously inactive (dormant) varicella-zoster virus becomes activated and can be spread to facial nerves.


The disorder was named in honor of James Ramsay Hunt, a doctor who first identified the condition in 1907.


The term "Ramsay-Hunt" is being used to describe the condition that is described in this report. It's also called herpes zoster oticus due to the distinctive ear itching. 


The affected individuals typically suffer from the paralysis (palsy) in the nerves of facial expression as well as a itchy ear 

Signs & Symptoms 


The two signs do not necessarily occur in tandem. Most of the time, only an area of your face can be being affected (unilateral). 


Facial muscles that suffer from nerve palsy can be stiff or feel weak and can cause difficulty of the affected person to smile, crease their forehead.


The majority of cases have a reddish (erythematous) painful swelling (vesicular) skin rash that is affecting the exterior of the ear (pinna) and, more often, the ear canal's external side. 


Ramsay Hunt syndrome is caused by the varicella-zoster Virus, that can cause chickenpox as well as shingles.


The reason for why the virus is reactivated and causes facial nerve damage when it causes Ramsay Hunt syndrome is unknown. 


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It is more common in older people, and some patients may are prone to hearing changes and may be able to hear sounds more in one ear over the other.